A Bosnian pine tree growing in southern Italy is 1,230 years old, making it the oldest tree in Europe that has been scientifically dated.
It was found on a steep, rocky slope high in the mountains of Pollino National Park
Bosnian pine (Pinus heldreichii Christ) is a conifer species from the family of pine trees and a tertiary relic and subendemic of the Balkan peninsula species. Its most frequent settlements are steep, rocky terrain where it forms Bosnian pine woods and mixed forests with other conifers and hardwoods. The older representatives have a specific bark that looks like the tree has a bullet proof vest, because the tree bark is cracked so that it builds many polygonal tiles that have the appearance of skin. The tree can reach a height of 30 m and a thickness of 1 m in diameter while the bottom of the tree is often saber folded. The Bosnian pine (Heldreich`s pine) was named after the famous German botanist Heldreich.
In the Balkan Peninsula the Bosnian pine is recorded in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Kosovo and Albania, in the south to northern Greece. In the Italian Peninsula, thiese species occur in the southern Apennines.
Pinus heldreichii (synonym P. leucodermis; family Pinaceae), or Bosnian pine, is a species of pine native to mountainous areas of the Balkans and southern Italy. It can be found in the mountains of Bosnia, southwestern Bulgaria, Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, northern Greece (south to Mount Olympus), and locally in southern Italy (it is the symbol of the Pollino National Park), growing at 900–2,500 metres (3,000–8,200 ft) altitude. It often reaches the alpine tree line in this area. It is an evergreen tree is up to 25–35 metres (82–115 ft) height, and 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) trunk diameter
The Old Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar is a place of memory to its multicultural background. Mostar is known as a melting pot of cultures and religions, where east meets west and north meets south. It is a city where a traveler from the north feels the first dashes of Mediterranean air imbued with scents of citrus and sea, and a traveler from the south gets a first glimpse of the continent beyond.
During Ottoman rule, Sarajevo was heralded as the “European Jerusalem”, as its invaluable contributions to civil engineering, industry, trade and architecture attracted people from various ethnic and religious backgrounds. Aesthetic beauty alongside scientific ingenuity made, and indeed makes, Sarajevo a hub for civilisation.
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